THE EIGHT-THOUSANDERS

A RECORD OF ASCENTS, 1950-1979

T. H. BRAHAM and D. F. O. DANGAR

MOUNT EVEREST (8848 m - 29,028 ft)

(All ascents by South Col and SE ridge unless otherwise stated)
1. 1953
May 29
E. P. Hillary, Tenzing Norkay.

British expedition.
2. 1956
May 23

May 24
Swiss expedition.

J. Marmet, E. Schmied.

A. Reist, H. R. von Gunten.
3. 1963
May 1

May 22

May 22
American expedition.

J. Whittaker, Nawang Gombu.

B. Bishop, L. Jerstad.

T. Hornbein, W. Unsoeld

by W ridge; 1st traverse and 1st traverse of an 8000-er.
4. 1965
May 20

May 22

May 24

May 29
Indian expedition.

A. S. Cheema, Nawang Gombu. Sonam Gyatso, Sonam Wangyal.

C. P. Vohra, Ang Kami.

H. S. Ahluwalia,

H. C. S. Rawat, Phu Dorje.
5. 1970
May 11

May 12
Japanese expedition.

T. Matsuura, N. Uemura.

K.Hirabayashi,Sherpa Chotare.
6. 1973
May5

May7
Italian expedition.

R. Carrel, M. Minuzzo, Lapka Tenzing,

C. Benedetti, V. Epis,

F. Innamorati, Sonam Gyaltzen
7. 1973
Oct. 26
Japanese expedition.

H. Ishiguro, Y. Kato.

1st post-monsoon ascent.
8. 1975
May16
Japanese women's expedition.

J. Tabei, Ang Tsering.

1st ascent by a woman.
9. 1975
May27
Chinese expedition.

Darphuntso, Hgapo Khyen, Hou Sheng-fu, Kung Pasang, Lotse, (Mrs.) Phanthongg Samdrup, Sodnam Norbu, Tsering Tob- gyai.

1st ascent from the North (Tibet) via N col and NE ridge.
10. 1975
Sept. 24

Sept. 26
British expedition.

D. Haston, D. Scott.

1st ascent by SW face.

P. Boardman, Pertemba. by SW face.
11. 1976 May 16 British Army expedition.

M. P. Lane, J. H. Stokes
12. 1976
Oct. 7
American expedition.
13. 1977
Sept. 15
South Korean expedition.

Ko Sang Don, Pemba Norbu.
14. 1978
May 3

May 8

May 11

May 14
Austrian expedition.

H. Bergman, W. Nairz, R. Schauer, Ang Phu.

P. Habeler, R. Messner.

1st ascent without oxygen.

O. Oelz, K. Reinhardt.

F. Oppurg.
15. 1978
Oct. 14

Oct. 16

Oct. 17
German expedition.

H. Engl, H. Hillmaier, J. Mack.

R. Allenbach, S. Hupfauer, W. Klimek,

W. Rutkiewicz, Ang Kami, Ang Dorje, Mingma Tsering.

B. Kullmann, G. Ritter.
16. 1978
Oct. 15
French expedition.

J. Afanassieff, K. Diemberger, N. Jaeger P. Mazeaud.
17. 1979
May 13

May 15
Yugoslav expedition.

A. Stremfelj, J. Zaplotnik. from Lho La via W shoulder and W ridge.

S. Belak, S. Bozic, Ang Phu.
18. 1979
Oct. 1

Oct. 2
West German expedition.

H. von Kanel, G. Schmatz, H. Warth, Pertemba, Lakpa Gyalsen.

N. Banks, T. Fischbach, R. Genet,G. Kampfe. (Frau) H. Schmatz, Ang Jambu, Ang Phurba, Sundare.
C. Chandler, B. Cormack.

K 2 (8610 m - 28,253 ft)
1. 1954
July 31
Italian expedition.

A. Compagnoni, L. Lacedelli. by SE (Abruzzi) ridge.
2. 1977
Aug. 8

Aug. 9
Japanese expedition.

S. Shigehiro, T. Shigehiro, T. Takatsuka. by Italian route.

M. Hiroshima, M. Onodera, Y. Yamamoto, Ashraf Aman.
3. 1978
Sept. 7


Sept. 8
American expedition.

L. Reichardt, J. Wickwire. by NE ridge and E face; without oxygen.

R. Ridgeway, J. Roskelley.
4. 1979
July 12
Tyrolese-German expedition

M. Dacher, R. Messener.by Italian route; without oxyzen.
KANGCHENJUNGA (8598 m - 28,208 ft)
1. 1955
May 25

May 26
British expedition.

G. C. Band, J. Brown, from the SW.

N. Hardie, H. R. A. Streather.
2. 1977
May 31
Indian expedition.

Major Premchand, Nima Dorji. by NE spur and N ridge.
3. 1979
May 16
British expedition.

P. Boardman, D. K. Scott, J. Tasker. from the NW to N Col, thence by N ridge; without oxygen.
LHOTSE (8511 in - 27,923 ft)
1. 1956
May 18
Swiss expedition.

F. Luchsinger, E. Reiss. by NW face.
2. 1977
May 8

May 9

May 11
German expedition.
H. von Kanel, H. Warth, Urkien Tsering. by NW face direct.

G. Sturm, P. Vogler, F. Zintl.

M. Dacher, M. Lutz, P. Worgotter, W. Worgotter.
3. 1979
May 5

May 10
Austrian expedition.

W. Axt, H. Ladreiter.

B. Klausbruckner, I. Exnar by Swiss route.
4. 1979
Oct. 7


Oct. 8

Oct. 9
Polish expedition.

A. Heinrich, J. Kukucza. by Swiss route, without oxygen.

A. Czok, J. Skorek

J. Baranek, A. Bilczewski, S. Cholewa, R. Niklas.
MAKALU (8481 m - 27,825 ft)
1. 1955
May 15

May 16

May 17
French expedition.

J. Couzy, L. Terray. by N face.

J. Franco, G. Magnone, Gyalzen Norbu.

J. Bouvier, S. Coupe, P. Leroux, A. Vialatte.
2. 1970
May 23
Japanese expedition.

Y. Ozaki, H. Tanaka by SE ridge.
3. 1971
May 23
French expedition.

B. Mellet, Y. Seigneur, by W pillar.
4. 1975
Oct. 6

Oct. 8

Oct. 10

Oct. 11
Yugoslav expedition.

S. Belak, M. Manfreda. by S face.

J. Azman, N. Zaplotnik

V. Groselj, I. Kotnik.

J. Dovzam.
5. 1976
May 24
Czechoslovak expedition.

M. Krissak, K. Schubert,

J. Camprubi1 by SW pillar.
6. 1978
May 1

May 10

May 21
International expedition

H. Warth, Ang Chepal. by French route.

H. von Kanel, K. Landvogt, Ang Temba.

K. Diemberger, Nawang Tenzing.
.

DHAULAGIRI (8167 m - 26,795 ft)
(First four and seventh ascents by NE Col and NE spur)
1. 1960
May 13

May 23
Swiss (international) expedition.

K. Diemberger, P. Diener, E. Forrer,

A. Schelbert, Nima Dorje, Nawang Dorje.

M. Vaucher, H. Weber.
2. 1970
Oct. 20
Japanese expedition.

T. Kawada, Lhakpa Tenzing.
3. 1973
May 12
American expedition.

L.Reichardt, J. Roskelley, Nawang Samden.
4. 1976 May 4 Italian expedition.

S. Simoni, G. Zortea.
5. 1978
May 10

May 11
Japanese expedition.

T. Kobayashi, T. Shigeno. by left hand pillar of S face.

Y. Kato, S. Shimizu, H. Yoshino, Ang Kami. by Central pillar of S face.
6. 1978
Oct. 19

Oct. 20
Japanese expedition.

T. Miyazaki, H. Tani, A. ITbe.

by S face and SE ridge.

S. Suzuki, N. Yamada, Nawang Yonden.
7. 1979
May 12
Spanish expedition.

I. Aldaya, F. Garayoa, G. Plaza, J. Pons, Ang Rita.
1 Member of an unsuccessful Spanish expedition.

MANASLU (8156 m - 26,760 ft)
1. 1956
May 9

May 11
Japanese expedition.

T. Imanishi, Gyalzen Norbu.

from the E.

M. Higeta, K. Kato.
2. 1971
May 17
Japanese expedition.

K. Kohara, M. Tanaka. by W wall
3. 1972
April 25
Austrian expedition.

R. Messner. by S face.
4. 1973
April 22
German expedition.

S. Hupfauer, G. Schmatz, Urkien Sherpa. by new route on E face.

Japanese women's expedition.

M. Mori, N. Nakaseko, M. Uchida, Jambu Sherpa.
6. 1975
April 26
Spanish expedition.

G. B. Garcia, J. R. Martinez, Sonam Sherpa. by E ridge.
7. 1976
Oct. 12
Iranian-Japanese expedition.

J. Assadi, J. Kageyama, Pasang.

from the E.
1974

May 4

from the E. First women's ascent of an 8000-er.

CHO OYU (8153 m -26,750 ft)
(All ascents by W face)

1. 1954
Oct. 19
Austrian expedition.

S. Jochler, H. Tichy, Pasang Dawa Lama.
2. 1958
May 15
Indian expedition.

Pasang Dawa Lama, Sonam Gyaltsen.
3. 1964
April 25
German expedition.

F. Stammberger, P'hu Dorje II

NANGA PARBAT (8125 m -26,660 ft)
1. 1953
July 3
Austro-German expedition.

H. Buhl. from NE (Rakhiot glacier).
2. 1962 June 22

German expedition.

T. Kinshofer, S. Low, A. Mannhardt. by Diamir face.
3. 1970
June 27
June 28
German expedition.

G. and R. Messner. 1st traverse; ascent by Rupal faee? descent by Diamir face. G. Messner was killed on the descent.

F. Kuen, P. Scholz. by Rupal face.
4. 1971
July 11
Czechoslovak expedition.

I. Fiala, M. Orolin. by Rakhiot glacier.
5. 1976
Aug. 11
Austrian expedition.

S. Gimpel, R. Schauer, H. Schell, H. Sturm.

by SW ridge.
6. 1978
Aug. 9
Italian two-man expedition.

R. Messner.

by new route on Diamir face.
7. 1978
Aug. 23

Aug. 28
Austrian expedition.

W. Bauer, R. Streif, R. Wurzer.

by Diamir face.

A. Imitzer, A. Indrich.

ANNAPURNA I (8091 m -26,545 ft)

(All ascents by N face except No. 3)
1. 1950
June 3
French expedition.

M. Herzog, L. Lachenal.
2. 1970 May 20 British-Nepalese expedition.

M. W. H. Day, G. F. Owens
3. 1970
May 27
British expedition.

D. Haston, D. Whillans. by S face.
4. 1977
Oct. 13
Dutch expedition.

M. van Rijswick, Sonam Sherpa
5. 1978
Oct. 15
American women's expeditior

I.Miller, V. Komarkova, Chawang Rinzee, Mingma Tsering
6. 1979 April 30 French expedition.

Y. Morin, H. Sigayret. by French route.
7. 1979
May 8
Japanese expedition.

S. Tanaka, Pemba Sherpa.

by Dutch route.
GASHERBRUM I (Hidden Peak) (8068 m - 26,470 ft)
1. 1958
July 5
American Expedition.

A. J. Kauffman, P. K. Schoening.

by SE spur.
2. 1975
Aug. 10
Two-man expedition.

P. Habeler, R. Messner. by NW face.
3. 1975
Aug. 11
Austrian expedition

R. Schauer, H. Schell, H. Zefferer. by American route.
4. 1977
July 8
Yugoslav expedition.

A. Stremfelj, N. Zaplofiik.

by SW ridge.
BROAD PEAK (8047 m - 26,400 ft)
1. 1957
June 9
Austrian expedition.

M.Schmuck,F.Wintersteller:

H. Buhl, K. Diemberger. by W spur and N ridge.
2. 1977
Aug. 8
Japanese expedition.

K. Noro, T. Ozaki, Y. Tsuji.

by Austrian route.
3. 1978
June 4
French expedition.

Y. Seigneur.

by Austrian route.
SHISHA PANGMA (GOSAINTHAN )

(8046 m - 26,398 ft)
1. 1964
May 2
Chinese expedition.

Hsu Ching, Chang Chun-yen, Wang FuChou, Chen San, Wu Tsung-yueh, Cheng Tien-liang, Dorji, Minar Trashi, Sodnam Dorji, Tontan. from the N.
GASHERBRUM II (8035 m - 26,360 ft)
1. 1956
July 7
Austrian expedition.

S. Larch, F. Moravec, H. Willenpart. by SW spur and E ridge.
2. 1975
June 18
French expedition.

M. Batard, Y. Seigneur, by SE spur.
3. 1975


Aug. 1

Aug. 9

Aug. 12
Polish expedition.

L. Cichy, J. Onyszkiewicz,

K. Zdzitowiecki.

by SW rib and NW face.

M. Jahas, A. Lapinski, W. L. Wozniak.,

by Austrian route.

A.Okopinska,H.K. Syrokomska. by Austrian route. First all-women rope to reach an 8000 m summit.
4. 1978
Aug. 9
Austro-German expedition.
G. Brosig. by Austrian route.
5. 1979 June 9 Chilean expedition. L. LucerOj G. Oyarzum by Austrian route
6. 1979
July 31

Aug. 4
Austro-German expedition.

K. Hub, R. Karl, H. Sturm
K. Diemberger, W. Loesch, H. Schell,A. Schwab, W. Weitzenboech, H. Fayyaz.